Anita Kangas

Anita Kangas

Professor emerita Anita Kangas, PhD, was the Chairperson of the Board of the Foundation for Cultural Policy Research in 2002-2016.

Anita Kangas directed the Unit for Cultural Policy/Politics at the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy in the University of Jyväskylä from 1996 until 2015. Previously, she was a Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor at the Department of Social and Public Policy.

Professor Kangas directed the Interdisciplinary Programme of Cultural Management in 1991-2000 (together with the Department of Art Education and Business School)  and the interdisciplinary M.A. Degree Programme of Cultural Policy from 2000 (in Finnish) and from 2012 (in English and Finnish). She chaired the national PhD School for Cultural Policy (SOVAKO/Multidisciplinary Graduate School for Cultural Policy: Organizing Creativity) in 2008-2015. She is a docent in the University of Eastern Finland.

Anita Kangas has been twice a dean and a vice dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, a chair of the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy, a member of the Agora Center board and of various boards and committees at the University of Jyväskylä.

Her research interests consist of three major areas: the politics of cultural participation and cultural democracy; local cultural institutions, questions of governance, and the role of arts and culture in sustainable development; and histories of cultural policy and theoretical issues such as (new) institutionalism and action research methodology.

Contact: anita.kangas@jyu.fi

Publications (selected):

Kangas, A., Duxbury, N., & De Beukelaer, C. (2017). Introduction: cultural policies for sustainable development. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 23 (2), 129-132. doi:10.1080/10286632.2017.1280790

Duxbury, N., Kangas, A., & De Beukelaer, C. (2017). Cultural policies for sustainable development : four strategic paths. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 23 (2), 214-230. doi:10.1080/10286632.2017.1280789

Kangas, A., Duxbury, N., & De Beukelaer, C. (Eds.). (2017). International Journal of Cultural Policy, 23 (2). Special Issue: Cultural Policies for Sustainable Development. Routledge. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 23.

Kangas, A.  (2016) The local cultural sector: Reinvigorating its public functions and foundations.  Nordisk Tidsskrift for Informationsvidenskab og Kulturformidling, årg. 5, nr. 2.

Dessein, J., Soini, K., Fairclough, G., Horlings, L., Battaglini, E., Birkeland, I.,Kangas, A, . . . Reimer, M. (2015). Culture in, for and as sustainable development : conclusions from the COST Action IS1007 investigating cultural sustainability. Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.

Kangas, A., & Sokka, S. (2015). Cultural access and activation: Civic participation in local sustainable communities. In S. Hristova, M. D. Šešić, & N. Duxbury (Eds.), Culture and Sustainability in European Cities : Imagining Europolis (pp. 141-153). Routledge.

Kangas, A. (2015). Koetellut kulttuuritoiminnot : KUULTO-toimintatutkimuksen tulokset. Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriö. Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriön julkaisuja, 2015:21. Retrieved from  https://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/75104/okm21.pdf?sequence=1

Sokka, S., Kangas, A., Itkonen, H., Matilainen, P., & Räisänen, P. (2014). Hyvinvointia myös kulttuuri- ja liikuntapalveluista. Kunnallisalan kehittämissäätiö. Kunnallisalan kehittämissäätiön tutkimusjulkaisut, 77.

Kangas, A., Jakonen, O., & Havimäki, S.-M. (2014). Osallistumista ja aktivointia: KUULTO-toimintakokeilun matkassa. Helsinki, Finland: Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriö. Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriön julkaisuja, 11. Retrieved from https://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/75223/okm11.pdf?sequence=1

Heiskanen, I.,  Kangas, A.  & Mitchell, R. (eds.)  (2013). Taiteen ja kulttuurin kentät. Art House. (incl. three articles by Kangas & co-authors).

Čopič, V., Inkei, P., Kangas, A., & Srakar, A. (2013). Trends in Public Funding for Culture in the EU. European Expert Network on Culture (EENC) / Interarts Foundation and Culture Action Europe.

Kangas, A. &  Sokka, S. (2011).  "L'impératif de la politique culturelle finlandaise: renforcer la nation en cultivant la population." In P. Poirrier (eds.), Pour une histoire des politiques culturelles dans le monde 1945-2011. Paris: La Documentation française, 2011, 215-240.

Kangas, A. & Vestheim, G. Institutionalism, Cultural Institutions and Cultural Policy in the Nordic Countries. (2010). Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, vol.13, no. 2, 2010, 267-284.

Kangas, A. (2009). "Die Kulturpolitik als Förderung des Sozialisationsumfeldes der Kinder und Jugendlichen - das finnische System der Kulturpolitik und kulturelle Einrichtungen. Historischer Überblick und heutige Herausforderungen." In Ehrenhard Skiera, Aila-Leena Matthies (eds.), Das Bildungswesen in Finnland. Bad Heilbrunn: Klinkhardt-Verlag, 2009, 215-228.

Mangset, P., Kangas, A., Skot-Hansen, D. & Vestheim, G. (2008). Nordic cultural policy. The International Journal of Cultural Policy, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2008, 1-5.

Kangas, A. (2008).  "Nauji kulturos politikos drabužiai." In Sudare Gabriele Zaidyte (eds.), . Lithuenia: Baltos Lankos.

Sokka, S., & Kangas, A. (2007). At the Roots of Finnish Cultural Policy: Intellectuals, Nationalism, and the Arts. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 13 (2), 185-202. Retrieved from https://jyx.jyu.fi/dspace/handle/123456789/46311

Kangas, A., & Mutke, L. (2006). Survey on the implementation of the Bologna Process in interdisciplinary degree programme in Arts or Cultural Management and Cultural Policy across Europe. SECEB Documents. Brussels: ENCATC.

Sokka, S., & Kangas, A. (2006). From Private Initiatives towards the State Patronage. Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, 9 (1), 116-136.

Kangas, A. (2005). Arvioinnin kontekstit kulttuuripolitiikassa. In S. Häyrynen (Ed.), Kulttuurin arviointi ja vaikutusten väylät (pp. 103-130). CUPORE, 12. Helsinki, Finland: Yliopistopaino.

Construction of Cultural Policy (eds.) Pirkkoliisa Ahponen & Anita Kangas. (2004). Jyväskylä: Minerva Kustannus. 248 p.  Incl. articles by Kangas: “New Clothes for Cultural Policy”. pp. 21-41  and  “Third Sector and Cultural Policy”. pp. 67-87.

Siisiäinen, M., Kangas, A. & Hänninen, S. (2003) Mitä yhdistykset välittävät. Tutkimuskohteena kolmas sektori. Jyväskylä: Atena.

Kangas, A. (2003). Culture as a Local Tool and Public Service. Kunnallistieteellinen aikakauskirja, 31(4) pp. 332-340.

Kangas, A. (2002). Euroopan unionin rakennerahastot suomalaisen kulttuurielämän tukijoina. Kunnallistieteellinen aikakauskirja, 31 (4) pp. 375-390. (European Union’s Structural Funds as Supporters of Cultural Institutions).

Kangas, A. (2001). Cultural Policy in Finland. Journal of Arts Management, Law & Society, 31 (1), 57-80.

Kangas, A. & Rainesalo. P. (2000). Competencies and Practices in European Local and Regional Cultural Policy. - Strasbourgh Cedex: Council of Europe, 2000.  Studies and texts; 69.

Kangas, A. & Virkki, J. (1999) eds. Kulttuuripolitiikan uudet vaatteet. Jyväskylä: Sohpi, 1999

Kangas, A. (1997). Den könshalverade konstpolitiken. Kulturpolitisk tidskrift 1997, 2(4).

Kangas, A. & Onser‑Franzen, J. (1996).  Is There a Need for a New Cultural Policy Strategy in the Nordic Welfare States? The European Journal of  Cultural Policy 1996, Vol 1. No. 3, pp. 15‑27.

Cultural Policy in Finland. National Report. European Programme of National European Cultural Policy Reviews. Heiskanen, I., Kangas, A., Lindberg, P., Heikkinen, M. & Irjala, A.. Council of Europe. 1995.

Kangas, A. (1994). Kunnallisen palvelutuotannon tuloksellisuus ja työelämän laadun kehittäminen. Työelämän tutkimus 1994, 3 (5),  pp. 37‑38.

Kangas, A. (1994). Kultursekreterarens roller ur finsk synpunkt. Kulturpolitisk tidskrift  1994, 1 (3), pp. 30‑40.

Kangas, A. & Mangset, P & Onsér‑Franzén, J. (1994). Tre essäer om kommunal kulturpolitik i Norden. Department of social policy. University of Jyväskylä. 83, 1994.

Kangas, A. Kulttuurisihteeri ‑ hyvinvointivaltion ammatti.  In Ammattikunnat, yhteiskunta ja valtio. Ed. Esa Konttinen. Sosiologian laitoksen julkaisu 55. 1993.  pp. 159 ‑ 175.

Kangas, A. & Pohjola, K. (1992). Kulttuurisihteeri lähikuvassa. (Portrait of Cultural Secretaries. English Summary). Publications of the Arts Council in Finland 14. Valtion painatuskeskus. Helsinki.

Kangas, A. (1991) Kunta, taide ja markat. (Culture, money and municipalities. English Summary) Publications of the Arts Council in Finland 11. 1991. Valtion painatuskeskus. Helsinki.

Kangas, A. Kuntien kulttuurilautakunnat ja 1990-luvun hallinnollinen murros. Hallinnon tutkimus 10 (1991), pp. 133-146.

Kangas, A. (1988) Keski‑Suomen kulttuuritoimintakokeilu tutkimuksena ja politiikkana.(A Pilot Project in Cultural Activities as an action research and politics. English Summary) Jyväskylä Studies in Education, Psychology and Social Research 63, Jyväskylä 1988. Diss.

Kangas, A. (1979). Toimintatutkimuksen käytäntö. Sosiaalipolitiikka. Sosiaalipoliittinen yhdistys. 1979,  pp. 221-225. (The Practices of Action Research).

Keski-Suomen kulttuuritoimintakokeilun seurantatutkimus. Publication serie I-VI. Valtion taidehallinnon julkaisuja 1975-1979. (The Action Research on Local cultural policy).

Kangas, A. (1973). Taide- ja perinnetoiminta ja niille asetetut odotukset Etelä-Pohjanmaalla. Etelä-Pohjanmaan maakuntaliiton julkaisu 3, 1973.

Kangas, A. (1974). Taidetoiminta Keski-Suomen läänissä 1973. Keski-Suomen läänin taidetoimikunnan julkaisu 2, 1974. 

Research projects (selected):

  • CUIRE -From Recommendations to Practices - Cultural participation, Expert Interpretations and Policy Processes, 2016- 2017. OKM. Read more
  • KUULTO,  Activating Cultural Participation in Local Communities – Action Research, 2012-2017, OKM Read more (in Finnish only)
  • COHERE, Cultural Policies and Cultural Tourism as Constructors and Re-Constructors of Common Heritage in the European countries. HORIZON2020, an application. 2015.
  • Local Government Culture and Sport services – access and democracy (in cooperation with the Unit of Social Sciences of Sport), 2010-2016, Foundation for Municipal Development
  • COST Investigating of Cultural Sustainablity, 2011-2015, EU. Read more
  • KULKEMA (Cultural Sustainability in Rural Areas), 2007-2010, Finnish Cultural Foundation and Universities of Jyväskylä and Eastern Finland. Read more (in Finnish only)
  • Construction and re-Construction of the Arts (COREAA) (in cooperation with Art History), 2004-2007, Finnish Academy.
  • European Union Structural Funds and Culture, 2000-2002, Ministry of Education
  • Institutionalization of Culture  Mechanisms of Arts Management, 1998-2001, Finnish Academy
  • Culture and Municipalities – Resources and Professional development in the cultural sectors, 1995-1998, Ministry of Education and Foundations
  • Local Action Research in Developing Cultural Services and Testing Legislation – Construction of Local Cultural Policy 1976-1980, Ministry of Education and Finnish Academy

 

Other activities (selected):

Anita Kangas has been active nationally and internationally in:

  • curriculum and teaching development,
  • directing research projects,
  • organising international summer schools, international research colloquiums and international conferences on cultural policy research (Nordic NCCPR2009, World ICCPR2010),
  • as an academic expert to a number of activities such as institution and programme evaluations and accreditations,
  • editorial boards (for example Nordic Journal of Cultural Policy, Journal of  Cultural Management and Policy, Janus),
  • international juries (ENCATC- Research Award on Cultural Policy and Cultural Management),
  • assessment boards of candidates for academic posts,  
  • preliminary readings and examinations in doctoral dissertations.

In 1980s Kangas was the chair of the Arts Council of Central Finland and a member of the Finnish UNESCO Committee.

In 1990s, Kangas was the vice chair of the Arts Council of Finland, a member of the board of the European network on cultural management and policy (ENCACT), of the advisory board of the INTERARTS (Barcelona), a member of the Consultative Board for Popular Science Finland and  the scientific advisory board at the Foundation for Municipal Development.  

In 2000s and 2010s, Kangas was e.g. a chair of the board of the Foundation for Cultural Policy Research (CUPORE) and a chair of the Regional Cultural Foundation for Central Finland (Finnish Cultural Foundation), a member of the advisory board of Finnish National Gallery, a member of the core team of the European Expert Network on Culture (EENC) and a member of the expert group on cultural participation in the Statistic Finland.

She has also consulted a number of Finnish national, local and regional authorities on cultural policy and cultural planning.